In 2002, Congress reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA)--the federal law affecting education from kindergarten through high school. In amending ESEA, the new law represents a sweeping overhaul of federal efforts to support elementary and secondary education in the United States. It is built on four common-sense pillars: accountability for results; an emphasis on doing what works based on scientific research; expanded parental options; and expanded local control and flexibility.
ESEA programs (Title IA, Title I Neglected, Title ID, Title IIA, and Title IIIA) provide instructional services for students attending Shelby County district managed schools and charter schools; private schools, and institutions for neglected and delinquent children. These services supplement instructional services provided by state and local funds.